Κορινθία

CORINTH - LACY SHORES MEET HISTORY

The Prefecture of Corinth, which owes its name to the hero Corinth, a descendant of the god Hermes, is located in the northeastern Peloponnese with its capital Corinth, which is the port of the prefecture. The short kilometer distance from Athens makes it an ideal destination for day trips. It offers archeological, tourist destinations but also many interesting places, such as ancient Corinth, Nemea, Sikyon, Isthmia, Heraion, etc. Ancient Corinth was one of the largest and most important cities in Greece, its history dates back to prehistoric times and flourished in antiquity, with Ancient Corinth, Ancient Nemea and Acrocorinth being key points of the time. The prefecture of Corinth connects Central Greece with the Peloponnese and is famous for its summer resorts on its north coast.

Corinth, the capital of the prefecture, is a city continuation of Ancient Corinth and occupies the eastern end of the Corinthian Gulf, near the union with the Saronic Gulf. In ancient times it was the second most important naval force and its Canal, the "Isthmus", is the most famous canal in Greece and is sailed every year by about 15,000 ships. The canal has helped a lot in trade and nowadays the bridge is suitable for bungee jumping. Today's Corinth is a modern city with perfect roads and roads that lead to coastal areas. Its center is pedestrianized for the most part where there are many shops and is an ideal choice for walks and relaxation. The symbol of Corinth is the winged Pegasus, with the statue dominating in Eleftherios Venizelos Square.

A few kilometers south of the city of Corinth is the village of Ancient Corinth. It was the city inhabited since the Neolithic era and many Phoenicians stayed in the city, which is evident from the worship at Melikarto. The center of the village is the cobbled pedestrian street that encloses the archeological site, where the sanctuary of Apollo stands out. The castle of Akrokorinthos can be seen from afar, on the steep rock and is accessible only from the Ancient Corinth. The rock of Acrocorinth, according to mythology, was the favorite place of the sun god, since he was the first to receive its golden rays every morning. At the highest peak was the Sun, which he later ceded to Aphrodite. The view from this level is extremely magnificent covering the Gulf of Patras and Corinth, the southern coasts of Central Greece, the entire western part of the Saronic Gulf, Salamis and Aegina.

Loutraki is one of the most important spa towns in Greece, known worldwide for its cosmopolitan air. The plethora of restaurant hotels and the presence of the casino have turned Loutraki into a cosmopolitan area while the palm trees on the seafront give the city an exotic touch. The thermal baths cure arthritis and rheumatism, while the positherapies cure sandstones, nephrolithiasis and gallstones. From Loutraki, one can visit the complex of Alkyonides islands, in about 40-45 minutes, to enjoy the wonderful beaches that exist there. The main road crosses the market, the artificial waterfalls, the thermal springs and the small beach where there are places for a walk. Loutraki is also known for its monasteries, of which the one of Osios Patapios stands out, built on a steep slope in Gerania.

At a distance of 25km is Heraion built on the shore, an archaeological site dedicated to the goddess Hera Akraia. The church of Hera Akraia, dates back to the 6th c. e.g. and for its construction part of the hillside was carved. The beauty is hidden in Cape Melagavi and is illuminated by the lighthouse of the same name, one of the largest lighthouses in the Corinthian. The lighthouse has been there since 1897 while it was rebuilt in 1947. It has a T shape and is a simple construction of pre-industrial architecture made of stone. Behind the waterfalls and the Thermal Baths are the Gerania Mountains with the scattered monasteries on the verdant slopes. Lake Vouliagmeni, two kilometers long and one kilometer wide, has beautiful places for swimming. The waters are shallow and deepen smoothly, while on its shores there are scattered fish taverns while the lakeside road is ideal for cycling.

Nemea on the border of the prefecture with Argolis in antiquity was famous for the feat of Hercules, who killed the lion that terrorized the area. It is a small modern village, built in a high valley with the son of Dionysus as the founder of the city. An important archeological site is the temple of Zeus, the baths and the stadium, while in the "Wine Roads'' among the vineyards, ancient temples emerge. The temple of Nemeios Zeus was built after the middle of the 4th BC. ai. and only three of the columns have been preserved, the rest were gradually added in recent years during its restoration. The archeological site is perfectly organized, while the museum is also interesting, where important archeological findings are exhibited.

To the south of Ziria lies the basin of Stymfalia, with the lake of the same name in which the legend wants the "Stymphalian birds" to find refuge there, which was destroyed by Hercules. On the north side of the lake are the ruins of the Acropolis of ancient Stymphalos. The area belongs to the European Network of Protected Areas NATURA 2000 and is a paradise for bird watching and nature walks. More than 160 species of birds and a species of endemic fish that live only in Lake Stymfalia find refuge here. Penteskoufi Castle, or Casteli of Penteskoufi, is a small castle on a 476-meter-high rocky hill built by the Franks in 1205 just opposite Acrocorinth. The Historical and Folklore Museum presents local costumes, everyday use, tools and everything related to the rural life of the area while there are periodic exhibitions and educational programs. The archeological museum has exhibits from the prehistoric to the Byzantine period with separate exhibits from the area.

Trikala is the Kefalohori of Kyllini on the verdant slopes of Ziria and consists of three districts. Suitable for winter getaways and are one of the most popular and easy to access destinations. This is a settlement that has the most important tourist infrastructure on Mount Kyllini, with stone houses, courtyards, churches and bell towers in the fir forest. Ziria or Kyllini, with an altitude of 2,374 m. Is the highest mountain of Corinth and one of the largest in Greece just 10 km from Trikala. The Ziria Ski Center operates on the plateau of Mount Ziria. It has a chalet, 2 lifts, a sliding 400m lift, ski equipment rentals and a ski school. This is one of the newest ski resorts closest to Attica, ideal for beginners and families with children, who want to take their first steps in skiing. From there, hiking trails lead to the peaks of Mikri and Megali Ziria, the ravine of Flampouritsa, the cave of the god Hermes and Lake Dassiou.

Trikala is the Kefalohori of Kyllini on the verdant slopes of Ziria and consists of three districts. Suitable for winter getaways and is one of the most popular and easy to access destination. This is a settlement that has the most important tourist infrastructure on Mount Kyllini, with stone houses, courtyards, churches and bell towers in the fir forest. Ziria or Kyllini, with an altitude of 2,374 m. is the highest mountain of Corinth and one of the largest in Greece just 10 km from Trikala. The Ziria Ski Center operates on the plateau of Mount Ziria. It has a chalet, 2 lifts, a sliding 400m lift, ski equipment rentals and a ski school. This is one of the newest ski resorts closest to Attica, ideal for beginners and families with children, who want to take their first steps in skiing. From there, hiking trails lead to the peaks of Mikri and Megali Ziria, the ravine of Flampouritsa, the cave of the god Hermes and Lake Dasiou.

Xylokastro is a traditional tourist resort with the characteristic churches of Faneromeni, Agios Vlasios and Agios Gerasimos. On the road from Corinth to Aigeira, there are beaches and small villages, such as Vrachati, Kato Diminio, Sykia, Lykoporia, Lygia and Derveni. The 'Blue Flags', the tourist infrastructure and the events, make it a very attractive destination. The popular seaside resort of Kiato is located near the capital of the prefecture of Corinth, ideal for a short vacation in which it is worth visiting the archeological site of Ancient Sikyona where the "Sikyonia'' take place. One of the most beautiful mountainous areas of the prefecture, Feneos offers the uniquely beautiful artificial lake Doxa, in the crystal clear waters of which the tops of the mountains and the trees are reflected, creating an "Alpine landscape". Catacombs have been built in the area to drain the plateau of Feneos from the water that accumulated from the rivers Olvio and Doxa. The plateau carries a large part of Greek Mythology as according to the legend, they were built by Hercules as entrances for Hades.

As each place has its own customs and traditions, so in the region of Corinth and the Peloponnese in general, there are pure materials and products that characterize it. Corinth holds a great place in the wine history of Greece. This is the Agiorgitiko wine but also the world famous Corinthian raisin. Among the wine varieties we find, the sabbathian(Saturday grape), the fox, the white, the rhodite cosmopolitan varieties such as Chardonnay, Viognier, Sauvignion Blanc the red, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah and many others. Aromatic plants, tea and herbs, for a healthy Mediterranean diet are collected from the nature of Corinth, Peloponnese. Pure virgin olive oil with the known healing properties, aromatic oregano, thyme, tea and honey from the pines of the forests of Corinth, green, black and clover olives from Peloponnesian olive groves, handmade natural homemade soaps from extra virgin olive oil, traditional virgin olive oil The county offers famous spoon sweets and many other products to its visitors.

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