Χίος

CHIOS - MASTIC COLOR

Chios is an island not far from the coasts of Asia Minor and is the fifth largest island in Greece. The capital of the prefecture is the city of Chios, which is also called Chora. To the north of Chios is the Pelinaio mountain range with the highest peak Agios Ilias (1,297 m.). The area of Mastichochoria is a living museum of popular medieval culture with residential beauty for centuries. Mesta, of unique architectural beauty is a living medieval village, with authentic fortification architecture like the village of Olympus. Pyrgi is famous for the special medieval decoration of its houses with mortars and geometric patterns, as well as the medieval villages of Kalamoti, Armolia and Vessa. Kampos is a place of unique beauty, true nobility and if Chios has the nickname "Myrovolos", it owes it to Kampos. The mansions of Kampos, which are hundreds of years old, have a characteristic red stone and pebble floors.

The caves of the island, which are open to the public are the Cave of Olympus and the Cave of Agios Galaktos. The rock of Daskalopetra, is located above the homonymous beach of Vrontados, and is one of the most famous monuments of the island as it was considered the School of the poet Homer. The medieval castle dating back to the end of the 10th century has narrow streets and buildings of various eras. Anavatos, the famous Mistras is built on a steep cliff and is the place where one of the pieces of the history of the island was written, in the revolution of 1821 and in the massacres of 1822. The lower Fana got their name because at this point Delos was discovered in Leto. It is a place of worship founded during the Bronze Age. Finds that testify to the wealth of the area such as pottery, coins, metal objects and figurines made of faience were found in Kato Fana and are kept in the Archaeological Museum of Chios.

Emporios with its archeological site is due to the developed commercial activities of the past that took place in the port. The citadel, the most important element of the settlement, is a walled area, which has a mansion and the temple of the Patron Saint of Athena. The Byzantine Museum is located in the city of Chios and is interesting because it is an Ottoman mosque, also called the Mejitiye Mosque, built in the middle of the 19th century, with the sponsorship of Sultan Abdul Mejit. Agiasmata in northern Chios is known for its thermal baths and hydrotherapy. They include a hydrotherapy center and rooms for rent and the hot springs gush near the beach.

The most important attraction of the island is the over 90 recorded beaches that make the island one of the top destinations in the Aegean. Mavra Volia is one of the most beautiful and cosmopolitan beaches of the island and the Aegean with large black pebbles that emerged from a volcanic eruption. Near Pyrgi are the Vroulidia next to the cape Oura, one of the picturesque and of rare natural beauty beach with the blue waters and the rocks that give it an exotic character. Komi is one of the most beautiful and cosmopolitan beaches of the island that attracts many visitors. Next to the beach of Myrsinidi, is the beach of Glaros, one of the most cosmopolitan beaches. In the monastery of Panagia Myrtidiotissa is the beach of Mersinidi, a beach with crystal clear waters and natural beauty.

Chios is an island with rich soil that favors the production of quality products. Mastic is produced all over the world only on the island of Chios, the only trademark product. It thrives only in 21 villages of South Chios, Masticohoria and has dozens of properties. Apart from mastic, Chios is also known for its citrus varieties, mainly the Chian mandarin. The Chian sweets of the spoon are famous and are made from citrus fruits such as mandarin, orange, rose blossom or lemon blossom, pistachio, fig or eggplant. Mastelo is a Chian white cheese made from whole pasteurized cow's or whole goat's milk produced on the island. Trachanas, noodles and handmade spaghetti with traditional recipes such as oriental twisties, which are flavored with spices, rakena with anise or mastic noodles.

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