LEMNOS - THE ISLAND OF A THOUSAND FACES
Lemnos is the eighth largest island of Greece in the northeastern Aegean and the homeland of the god Hephaestus. The oldest organized region of Europe, Lemnos, with its pristine beaches and mythical beauty, offers unique and unprecedented experiences in the crystal clear waters and its nature. Impressive rocks, unique landscapes with volcanic rocks, hills, hospitable wetlands and beaches compose the impressive island. The capital and port of Lemnos, is the historic Myrina with its traditional cobbled alleys. In the Castle that dominates high one can admire the wonderful view accompanied by one of the little deer that live freely in the area. In Roman Gialos, there are most stone mansions and it is famous for walks.
In the village of Kaspakas, one can enjoy the unique waterfalls in the area of Ai Giannis. The archeological sites of the island are impressive, especially in terms of human presence during the prehistoric period. Nea Koutali, Tsimandria, Portianou, Pedino, Agkaryones, Kallithea and Livadochori are some of the villages with the wonderful stone houses of Kontias. The Diaporio wetland is special, the route to Fako with the pastures, the volcanic rocks and the fossils of millions of years old trees. The village of Kechagiades, Tsimandria, the picturesque Portiano with the folklore museum, the renovated school and Nea Koutali, with the unique sponge fishing center are also important destinations of the island. The "Paleokastelon" of Conte, the metochi of the Great Lavra with the traditional settlement, the genuine architectural beauty and refinement is expressed through the renovated stone houses.
The village of Kechagiades, Tsimantria impress, with the wonderful road, of about one kilometer, which is planted on both sides with tall trees. The village of Agkaryones has a beautiful panoramic view to the bay of Moudros as it is built on a low hill, and has a beautiful church. The village of Portianou, which means "new port", was fortified in the 17th century by the Venetians and today a Venetian tower at the point of Melanga remains in ruins. Many birds are gathered at Cape Fakos, some of which are endangered species. Sea urchins, blackbirds (summer visitors), but also island partridges, are birds that are permanent on the island. The findings kept in the archeological museum of Lemnos from excavations made in Poliochni, Volcano, Imvros, and Kaverio are exceptional and remarkable. The fishing and processing of natural sponge, flourished for many decades on the island history which conveys to visitors the museum of maritime tradition and sponge fishing.
In the Folklore Museum of Portiano there are traditional costumes and various objects of everyday life, such as looms, warps, agricultural tools, etc. The fortress of Kostinos was one of the most important fortress of the island after fortress of Myrina and Moudros. The picturesque traditional settlement Varros, in the centre of the island, stands out with the unique, local architecture, the fossil forest and the 12 windmills that once mined the wheat of the entire island. In the village Varros, we also encounter mansions from th 19th century magnificent to prove that it was the resort of rich families in Lemnos. Near village Panagia is the place where in ancient times the faithful were initated into the Kaveri Mysteries, the sancutary of Kaveri. Near the sancutary of Kaveira there is the only cave of Philoctetes.
Lemnos is famous for its many and varied beaches that satisfy even the most demanding. Near the castle, next to the port of Myrina, is the Turkish Gialos, as well as the district of the city. In Romeikos Gialos, the sea, the beautiful architecture of another era in the shadow of the castle of Myrina compensate every visitor. Shallow Water is a peninsula, which is separated by Romeiko Gialos and in addition to shallow water it also offers water sports. The first bay outside Myrina, Avlona is famous for the water sports and the snorkels who choose it. At the beach of Ai Giannis of Kaspakas 8 km north of Myrina, there is a fully organized beach that in 2013 was awarded a blue flag. The small beach of Prassa, is located next to the most famous, that of Ai Giannis will enchant those who love tranquility. The Pigadeli of Panagia the brown-red sand reminds of the volcanic origin and creates beautiful images.
Despite its rocky terrain, Lemnos is a fertile island, with excellent quality products such as Lemnos wine, which has spread throughout the world, excellent cheeses, honey, wheat and wonderful flour from old wheat seed. Lemnia rusks, wheat, barley, wholemeal and heptazymia, are made with flour from selected grains and barley grown in the plains of Lemnos. It is also known for the wines it produces from sweet wine, dry white with a Designation of Origin with the most famous being the Muscat of Alexandria. The tsipouro prepared in Lemnos is also double distilled, with or without anise, with a nice aroma and strong taste. Lemnos basket is a rich in flavor cheese, produced exclusively from sheep and goat milk of Lemnos. The flomari are traditional noodles, a local pasta cut into very fine pieces made with lemon flour, village eggs and sheep's milk. An integral part of the long history of the island is beekeeping while the excellent quality honey is considered one of the best and most expensive in Greece. Venizelika is the most famous dessert of the island made from almonds, couverture, cocoa and flour. Samsades are also a traditional Christmas dessert that resembles baklava, except that instead of almonds they are made with sesame.