Κάρπαθος

KARPATHOS - SHOCKING LANDSCAPES

Karpathos is the second largest island of the Dodecanese between Rhodes and Crete and is considered one of the most beautiful island settlements in the Aegean. It is a Greek island with rich culture, traditions and natural landscape and is part of the NATURA 2000 network. The special feature of Karpathos is its mountainous terrain and the bays with blue waters in which the Mediterranean seal finds refuge. In the oldest location of the island, Arkasa, dominates the hill of Paleokastro with the ruins of the ancient city from the early Christian basilica of Hagia Sophia with the mosaic floors and the marble columns. Olympus with the windmills in a straight line, is the most phonographed place.

Pigadia is the capital and port of the island of Karpathos in which parts of the ancient citadel and the Cyclopean walls that protected it are preserved. Lefkos is a very beautiful small fishing village and Arkasa in which there is the 5th century church, Agia Sofia. The village of Aperi was the old capital of the island, a very beautiful place with small churches, a square and a fountain. Menetes is a village created during the Middle Ages with many churches, an archeological museum and magnificent views. Vounos was a fortified castle in the Mycenaean years and the ancient acropolis of Poseidon where only the foundations of buildings are preserved, parts of the walls.

The newly built archaeological museum of Karpathos houses finds from 4,000 BC. until the Byzantine period and is located in the center of the island's capital. Remarkable Folklore Museum is located in the village of Menetes with collections of archaeological finds, pottery and sculptures in the village of Othos. The open-air folklore museum in the village of Pyles consists of stone stables, a house, a windmill, a threshing floor, a press, an oven and more. The rural life of Karpathos is presented through tools and machines used for sowing in the agricultural museum of Pyli. Karpathos also has many remarkable caves with impressive stalactites and stalagmites.

Cosmic or more remote, with sand or pebbles, with strong winds for water sports, the beaches offer options for every desire. Afoti with the columns and the reliefs of the basilica of Agia Fotini, the most popular beach Kyra-Panagia with the organized sandy beach with the rocky bay are some of the beaches of the island. For the alternatives are the beaches of Agios Nikolaos and Agios Georgios in the settlement of Arkasa, also the pebbled Agata and Apella with the golden sand that was recognized as the most beautiful in Europe in 2003. Diafani, and Ammopi with their organized beach and tamarisk trees are beaches recommended for lovers of water sports. The island is famous for activities such as beautiful hiking trails, mountain biking, ideal conditions for swimming, diving and windsurfing.

The cuisine of Karpathos is based mainly on the agricultural products of the island such as grapes, wine, oil, cheese, honey, quinces and citrus giving high quality raw materials that give a unique taste to traditional food. The island is also famous for its breads, such as the onion bread, the sesame buns, the Christmas bread with black and white sesame, the eight-shaped Easter buns with a red egg in the middle. The Carpathian "macaroni '' one of the most traditional dishes of the island are handmade pasta with a special shape, long strips with a small dent in the center. With excellent quality, taste and aromas, honey has not been missing from the sweets of Karpathos since antiquity. Olive oil is typical for its almost bitter taste in Karpathos from the Koroneika olives. The typical local dishes of Karpathos are pies, sardines, macarounes, zucchini flowers stuffed with rice, fresh local goat cheese, stuffed lamb baked for 20 hours in the traditional wood-fired oven, sweets made from sesame and honey, baklava and biscuit cakes with sesame. Among the types of folk art that can be found in Karpathos include dishes, stevans, textiles, bakeries, but also musical instruments such as the Carpathian lyre, lute and tsambouna.

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