Κάλυμνος

KALYMNOS - THE ISLAND OF THE SEA-SPONGE

Kalymnos is one of the most beautiful and special islands of the Dodecanese and one of the most densely populated islands in Greece between Leros, Kos and the coasts of Asia Minor. The island of Kalymnos has been known for its sponge fishing for about 500 years. In Vathi, on a hill near the port, next to the church of Agia Irini, are parts of the tower of the Hellenistic era. Built on the top of the hill north of the port of Pothia, is the castle of Chrysocheria that served as an observatory. The sanctuary of Delios Apollo is one of the most important places of Kalymnos which flourished from the geometric to the Roman times.

In the coastal settlement of Vlychadia is the museum of marine life and finds presents exhibits related to the profession of sponge fishing, a wide variety of plants and animals from the marine kingdom and many amphorae and objects from shipwrecks. The Maritime Museum was founded in 1994 and is located in the coastal zone of Pothia, in the building of the old Buffalo Technical School. The Sanctuary of Delion Apollo was the political and religious center of Kalymnos in antiquity. Large number of finds such as figurines, inscriptions, bases of statues, etc. prove the cultic use of space.

Kalymnos is one of the most popular climbing destinations in the world and the variety of about 550 routes offers endless possibilities of sport climbing. To the south of the island is the beach Akti, calm and sandy while to the west, opposite Telendos is the picturesque settlement of Massouri with its white houses and the most beautiful beaches of the island. Near Massouri is Myrties, a small coastal settlement with a beautiful pebble beach 700 meters. In the settlement of Panormos, are Kantouni and Platis Gialos, the busiest beaches of the island. North, in Emporios, a quiet small village and the beaches minutes from there are crystal clear.

Kalymnos is known as the "island of sponges", due to the significant development of sponge fishing and sponges are one of the most important centers for sponge fishing. The most authentic product is the "barley rolls", a kind of nut that was originally made for the sailors who took it with them as it lasted a long time without any maintenance. Kalymnos is a mountainous island, with imposing mountains, which offer a wide variety of aromatic herbs, mainly Kalymnos thrips, oregano, thyme, herbs which contribute to the amazing thyme honey. Mirmizeli is a salad with nuts, tomato, cucumber, onion, caper, kritamo and kopanisti which is often accompanied by salted sardines. Muuri is a stuffed Easter lamb or goat that takes its name from the ceramic dish in which it is baked. The filling is made with two types of rice, the liver, ground beef, tomato, pulp, salt, pepper and cinnamon.

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