KYTHNOS - THE CHARM OF SIMPLICITY
Kythnos is an island in the Western Cyclades between Serifos and Kea, also known as Thermia and has been known by this name since the 12th century. This name is due to the hot springs that exist in the bay of Agia Irini and the Baths that still attract a lot of people. Chora or Messaria, is a beautiful village with whitewashed alleys, square yards and old churches. From Chora you can go to the healing Baths at the archeological site of Vryokastro and the ruined medieval castle of Oria overlooking the sea and Tzia. Dryopida is a picturesque Kefalochori village built between hills and is located at a key point for excursions to the southern beaches and the pilgrimage of Panagia Kanala.
Remains of the ancient capital of the island are preserved in Vryokastro on the northeast coast. The Byzantine Ecclesiastical Museum of Dryopida has an interesting collection of images from past centuries from all over the island. In the area of Kefalokastro with panoramic sea views, the Castle of Oria is built in a place where it was the capital of Kythnos. Panagia Kanala, the patron saint of the island, is located on a pine-covered cape, and the settlement bears her name. On the northside of Dryopida, is the Katafiki Cave which was the shelter of the inhabitants during the Second World War. Galatas has beautiful churches such as the imposing Agia Anna and Agios Minas, in which there is a wood-carved iconostasis and the despotic throne of rare folk art.
In Kythnos there are strong signs of the exploitation of the mineral wealth that lasted on the island for about a century. Just outside Dryopida on a hill are some ruined traditional windmills of Kythnos. At the edge of the traditional village Dryopida of Kythnos, there is one of the largest caves in Greece, Katafiki Cave. The Wind & Solar Park is located near the helipad just outside Chora with the wind turbines used to supply electricity to the island. The Folklore Museum located in Dryopida presents the life of the inhabitants of older times, through objects of daily use and traditional costumes. In Maroulas place of Kythnos is the outdoor settlement of Mesolithic era which was a station since at that time caves were used as residences.
It is an island with countless coves and the most beautiful beaches of the Cyclades with crystal clear waters. The most famous beach of the island is Kolona which divides the sea in the middle into two sandy beaches, connects Kythnos with the island of Agios Loukas and they call it "Vasilissa" it is a unique beach. One of the most beautiful coastal settlements is that of Kanala which took its name from Panagia. The bays of Megali Ammos, Ammoudaki and Antonides extend around the area of the church. The most popular beaches of the island are Loutra, Naoussa, Zogaki and Lefkes. Near Loutra in the cove of Ai-Sostis is the beautiful beach Potamia. The island offers unique experiences for every visitor.
The dairy products of Kythnos such as feta, Kopanisti and Trimma are special. The meat is dominated by goat, which is cooked braised and lemonade, with potatoes. The crumb is a granular fresh cheese, eaten plain, in tomato salad, but it is also a main ingredient for many local dishes. The sponges are the most characteristic dish that are round and fluffy cheese croquettes, made from the local goat unsalted crumb. A dessert that characterizes the place is the walnut, small balls based on vanilla (underwater), grated biscuit and grated coconut but also the famous macaroons, which have a long tradition. The wine of Kythnos was also known since antiquity for its quality and taste. Every visitor should try the pork of the island, the marinated sun-dried fish, the ribs and the strapatsada with zucchini. Kythnos Honey has been known since antiquity and this is due to the aromatic plants that offer a unique taste and aroma of honey.