PIRAEUS - THE MEGA PORT
Piraeus is a historic industrial area and the most important port in the country in which parts of the Piraeus Wall are located along the coastal route. Piraeus in ancient times was the port of Athens, so there are many archeological sites worth visiting. In the area of Gouva of Vavoulas there are finds of the central gate of the ancient walls of Piraeus. On the outskirts of Piraeus one can discover many important sights. Mikrolimano, or Koumoundourou coast or Fanari, is one of the busiest areas of Piraeus located in the wider area of Kastella. The many names of the area are due to the name of the area depending on the historical period.
Very important is a walk along the shore to the Piraeus peninsula with sandy beaches, picturesque coves and wonderful location. On the coastal roads that surround the port there are impressive buildings of the 19th and 20th century that highlight the economic prosperity of the time. Kastella is a district of Piraeus that covers from the homonymous hill to Mikrolimano and used to be full of luxurious, neoclassical villas, some of which survive to this day. At the top of the hill there is a water tank for the water supply of the city and on the west side the church of Profitis Ilias and the Veakeio municipal theater, built in 1969 from where the view to the Saronic Gulf is amazing. Piraeus with its emblematic buildings of the 19th century, has great attractions that fascinate.
The sea area consists of two ports, Passalimani and Freatida. The marina is fully organized and offers facilities and services of high standards. It was designated as an Olympic hosting site during the 2004 Olympic Games, successfully hosting boats up to 150 m long. Impressive yachts and cruise ships are moored at Zeas Marina (Pasalimani). In Mikrolimano and Akti Dilaveri you can admire the impressive Peace and Friendship Stadium (SEF) and participate in various sports activities or entertainment events, such as concerts. The area of Karaiskaki Stadium has been characterized by its sports history.
The Archaeological Museum houses in its rooms rare exhibits, such as bronze statues of Apollo (6th century BC), Athena (4th century BC) and Artemis (4th century BC), as well as and the impressive monument of Kallithea. The Maritime Museum in the halls of which are the works of the most important seascapes of the 19th and 20th century, separate models of ships with the course of Greek shipping and important nautical charts, from the 16th to the 19th century. At Profitis Ilias, guests can watch a concert or a theatrical performance with famous singers and top actors. At the facilities of ISAP the main port houses the Museum of Electric Railways, with objects and photographs from the history of ISAP.
The Municipal Theater of Piraeus, in Korai Square, where the "heart" of the city beats, is considered worthy of one of the samples of architecture in 19th century Greece, but also one of the best theaters in the Balkans. The Municipal Theater houses the Aravantinos Museum, which exhibits paintings, three-dimensional small scenes, models and miniatures of scenography, costume designs, posters and portraits. The Old Post Office houses the Municipal Gallery of Piraeus, which exhibits works by modern Greek painters such as Nikolaos and Pericles Lytras, Konstantinos Maleas, Konstantinos Romanidis, Michael Economou, Alexandros Christofis. In the Faliro Delta is anchored the glorious battleship Averoff 10,200 tons, with heavy emotional value for the Greeks that functions as a museum.
The church of Agia Triadas is a jewel of the city of Piraeus, a work of great stone carving by folk craftsmen. The Hatzikiriakio Orphanage is an impressive neoclassical building that is connected to the history of the modern city. In the School of Naval Trials are the remains of Themistocles, the burial monument of Themistocles. The Prophet Elias of Kastella is famous for its position at the highest point of the hill and especially popular among the people of Piraeus for performing mysteries due to its prestigious position. The imposing three-dimensional monument, Genocide of the Greeks of Pontus, 15.50 meters long and 7.10 meters high, is made of stainless steel and has brass details.
The lion that dominates at the end of the Xaveri Coast towards the main port, is an exact copy of the oldest marble statue that was stolen in 1687. The original that was stolen dominated for centuries in a prominent position of the port and was why Piraeus in the Middle Ages was called Leone from the Latins and Aslan Liman from the Ottomans. The Long Walls were the connection of Athens with its port and created a safe corridor between Athens and Piraeus during the Peloponnesian War. The Middle Gate, near the Gate of Asteos, similar to the Dipylon of Athens, but smaller was built for traffic through the corridor of the Long Walls. The fortress of Hetionia Pyli on the north side of the port, Kantharos, in the area of Drapetsona was built in order to control the port.
The Tunnel between Mikrolimano and Zea in antiquity the area was sacred, dedicated to the local hero Tunnel and functioned as a bath. The urn of Philo was the largest building in Piraeus in antiquity where sails, masts, and ammunition were kept. It took its name from the architect Filonas and inside it was divided into three aisles with rows of Ionic columns. The new settlements are the coastal maintenance and repair facilities of the Athenian fleet. The Roman antiquities of Terpsithea in the building block from Iroon Polytechniou, Skouze, Leosthenous and Filellinon streets, antiquities from the Roman period were found. The site was intended for the construction of a school, but in 1981 the archeological hoe brought to light the ruins of Roman houses.
Piraeus is famous for the intense nightlife it offers to visitors. There is a huge variety of options to spend an unforgettable one as it is a big city that has alternatives to satisfy the tastes of every visitor.