KOS - THE BIRTHPLACE OF HIPPOCRATES
Kos is a magical island, in the center of the Dodecanese northwest of Rhodes known as the island of the father of Medicine, Hippocrates. The capital of the island is the beautiful city of Kos while history and culture are diffused from every corner of the city, through the ancient ruins and many historical monuments. Its history unfolds, with the imposing ancient castle in the port, the Commandery and the historic Platanos of Hippocrates. Ancient buildings, neoclassical Venetian style, traditional Dodecanese architecture and modern buildings coexist harmoniously. Kos, apart from the island of Hippocrates, is also known as the island of Bicycle as a characteristic of the city is the bicycle path along the coastal roads, but also in the center.
The city of Kos is considered one of the greenest in the Dodecanese as palm trees, bougainvillea, pines, acacias, oleanders and hibiscus are everywhere in the city. In the heart of the city, near Akti Miaouli, lie the ancient market, part of the fortification, the sanctuaries of Aphrodite and Hercules, the islets with the remains of private homes and part of the ancient port. The street in the city and the avenue of the Phoenicians, in front of the castle of the Knights of St. John, are emblematic. The emblematic castle on the south side of the port of Kos was built by the Knights of St. John in a location that was connected to Kos by a bridge. On the slopes of Mount Dikaios is Zia, a mountain village with springs and panoramic sea views.
Remains of the ancient city such as the altar of Dionysus, the Roman conservatory, etc. are preserved in the Roman mansion on Grigoriou ED Street. A secular building of the Knightly period, is the Knight's House of Comentoris Francesco Sans on the Miaouli Coast, built in 1514 The plane tree of Hippocrates is considered one of the oldest trees in the world where his father taught medicine and is located near the bridge which leads to the castle of the city of Kos. Near the city, is one of the most important medical centers of antiquity, the Asklepieion, the most famous monument of Kos since antiquity, which was a place where various gods were worshiped. The first use of the space is placed in the Mycenaean era.
Antimachia is a village near the medieval castle of the Order of the Knights of St. John and opposite is the traditional mill of Papa. The Hippocratic Botanical Garden near the Asclepieion, in the area of Hippocratic Melathros, has medicinal and aromatic plants which were used by Hippocrates and Dioscorides. After Agios Fokas is the beach with thermal waters under steep cliffs, on the southeast side of the island. One of the most important historical sites of Kos is the Roman Conservatory with a circular orchestra and a floor decorated with marble tiles, as well as marble statues. Near the Ancient Agora is the Altar of Dionysus of the Hellenistic period, built in the 2nd century.
Kos is famous for its beautiful beaches from Tigaki, to Marmari and Mastichari, for surf lovers. Agios Stefanos beach opposite the islet of Kastri and Paradise are the most popular beaches of the island. Near Kardamena are the beaches of Limiona and Agios Theologos, while near the city of Kos is the beach of the Cretans, the coast of Zouroudi and Mylos. Psalidi, south of the city of Kos, is an ideal beach for snorkeling. Awarded a Blue Flag for 2013, Helona beach is enchanting and compensates visitors. Cavo Paradiso beach is a beach in the southern part of the island of unique beauty. Limnionas beach is located in a quiet cove north of Kefalos 43 km from the city of Kos with fish taverns that offer fresh fish. In Therma, there are natural thermal waters attracting all ages and those who love the wild beauty as the beach is surrounded by large rocks and dark small pebbles. Its thermal springs are truly a real treasure as they contain useful elements such as Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Sulfur and Chlorine.
Kos has a rich gastronomic tradition due to its soil that produces high quality products. The oil, the honey, the wine, the krasotyri but also the sweet tomato and the cinnamon are the most characteristic products of the island. The high quality, tasty honey produced by the beekeepers of Antimacheia, is world famous. Posa cheese is also a local recipe, goat cheese preserved in red wine. In Kos, festivals are organized which concern the typical local products or catches. In the first week of August, the Wine Festival takes place in "Mastichari'', while in the first fortnight, the Fish Festival and the Honey Festival in Kefalos and Antimachia, respectively. On the first ten days of October, the Feast of Marida is organized in Kardamena and Carnival is celebrated brilliantly with parades of fancy chariots in Antimacheia and Pyli.