Δήλος

DELOS - THE ISLAND MONUMENT

Delos is an uninhabited rocky barren island west of Mykonos with the granite mountain Kythnos, at the foot of which was the ancient city. There is a daily connection with Mykonos and during the summer months, boats connect the island with Tinos and Naxos. It is known for the processing of Corinthian copper and the construction of the famous Delian copper vessels. It is the only island that hosts so many monuments for that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. According to the legend, Zeus fell in love with the goddess Leto and when the time came for the birth, Hera did everything she could so that she would not find a place to give birth and wherever she went she was expelled for fear of retaliation. Poseidon, however, ceded and anchored the island in the center of the Aegean Sea where in mythology before Delos (visible), was a floating rock called Ortygia or Adilos (invisible).

Temples, theaters, stadiums, gyms and buildings have been discovered in various places. In prehistoric times inhabited Minoan settlers, Mycenaeans and Dorians from Central Greece. In historical times the inhabitants were Ionians, when it was distinguished as a center of festivals in honor of Apollo. The temple of Apollo is located in the middle of the island, in the plain where the sanctuary of Artemis and Leto developed. It is built on a natural plateau and is known from Delian inscriptions as the Temple of Apollo and the Temple of Delia. It is the largest of the three temples of the god and for this is known as the Great Temple. The sanctuaries of Artemis of Leto and the Twelve Gods are located separately. The road of the Lions with the marble lions was built towards the god while the lions that stand on the street of the Lions are imitations of the originals.

The Archaeological Museum of Delos is one of the most important in Greece with one of the best sculpture collections in the world. The halls display sculptures, mosaics, vases, inscriptions, jewelry, statues and columns, while the kouros trunk stands out from the Sanctuary of Apollo, the statue of Dioscorides and Cleopatra. Another important attraction is the wooden theater which was replaced at the beginning of the 3rd century BC. with the present stone and the Doric temple of Isis in the Sanctuary of the Foreign Gods, at the foot of Kynthos in which the cult statue of the goddess is still preserved. In the archeological site of the "priestess of the Cyclades" is the famous mosaic in the house of Dionysus, a mosaic depicting the god Dionysus with open wings, crowned with ivy. Among the ancient temples is the temple of Hera, where the remains of an ancient temple and many vessels of archaic times were found. In the south of the island it is worth visiting the altar of the goddess of marriage.

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